Tai Chi en el envejecimiento cognitivo y actividades de la vida diaria

Gabriela Orozco-Calderón, Sergio Guerrero-Huerta, Melisa Anaya-Chávez

Resumen


Se compararon y relacionaron el estado cognitivo, afectivo y capacidad funcional entre mujeres adultas mayores practicantes y no practicantes de Tai Chi Chuan. Participaron un total de 59 adultas mayores, divididas en el grupo practicante (n=29) y el grupo no practicante (n=30); ambos evaluados con las pruebas COGNISTAT, inventario de actividades de la vida diaria del adulto mayor, inventario de ansiedad de Beck y el inventario de depresión de Beck. Se encontró una diferencia significativa en la ejecución de Memoria, con un mejor rendimiento por parte del grupo practicante. Se observaron diferencias significativas en el índice de Dificultad como parte de la evaluación de las actividades de la vida diaria, siendo el grupo practicante el que presenta menor nivel de dificultad para realizarlas. No se observó relación entre los puntajes obtenidos de la valoración del funcionamiento cognitivo con las variables del estado afectivo en el grupo practicante. Se presentó una correlación positiva entre el nivel de Satisfacción de las actividades de la vida diaria y puntajes de Analogías y Juicio. Los resultados apoyan la evidencia existente que refiere que la práctica de Tai Chi Chuan está relacionada con una mejor funcionalidad y rendimiento cognitivo de adultos mayores.

Palabras clave


Adultos mayores; ejercicio físico; Tai Chi Chuan; funcionamiento cognitivo; actividades de la vida diaria.

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Referencias


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